"If Doc can do it, so can I."
Dr. Sylvester Outley graced his adopted city of Philadelphia with 30 years of service to the homeless and drug-addicted, saving thousands of souls, but in his youth he had another title: one of Texas' 10 most-wanted criminals. A wild kid, Outley spent his teens and 20s in and out of prison. He was incarcerated more than 85 times, including spells in solitary, and in 1955, at the age of 29, faced life in prison as a habitual criminal.
Certainly, as far as the Texas authorities were concerned, Outley was a hopeless case, a man forever locked in the limbo of the lost, to be stashed away out of sight and his name erased from the memory of decent society but with all odds against him Outley came back.
Outley, who died May 17 at the age of 87, always believed that it was through divine intervention that his sentence was set at 10 years, not life, and he served seven. When he was released from prison in 1962, his life course took an about-face. He went to school, earned a bachelor's degree from Goshen College in Indiana, a master's in social work from the University of Pennsylvania and ultimately a doctorate from Union Institute and University of Cincinnati. The incorrigible, drug-addicted jailbird had become "Doc." The people he inspired to kick drugs had a watchword: "If Doc can do it, so can I." After working with other agencies in the city, Outley founded SELF, Inc., in 1982. It became a renowned drug-and-alcohol outpatient treatment program with homeless shelters and treatment centers all over the city.
Although Outley retired from SELF in 2005 and from the board in April 2012, the operation is still going strong, thanks to people like W. Wilson Goode Sr., Philadelphia mayor from 1984 to 1992, who worked with Outley over the years and has made a return trip to chair the SELF board and act as a volunteer CEO. "He was a passionate guy who believed that everyone can overcome whatever issues they have and achieve great things in their lives," said Goode, who first served as SELF chairman in 1993.
"The impact of the program has been immense," Goode wrote in an obituary for Outley. "Countless lives have been saved from addiction, crime and homelessness.
"You're not dumb; you're sitting in dumb seats. There are no dumb drug addicts. We had to be smart to stay alive out there on the streets. We just made a lot of dumb decisions.''
At the height of his "Clean and Sober" campaign, Outley had about 60 support counselors working with him - mostly former addicts who once lived on the streets - and ran regular group sessions at an intake shelter at Broad Street and Ridge Avenue and at Outley House, a residence for some 200 formerly homeless drug addicts in West Philadelphia. He also ran sessions at seven other large city shelters and at four group homes.
Outley was born a sharecropper in Alief, Texas, and grew up in Galveston, where his life of crime began. When he retired, he returned to Galveston. He died there of complications of myelodysplasia syndrome, a blood disease. “He wanted everything for us," said his daughter, Astra Outley. "He wanted nothing more than that his daughters would be happy. He loved being with his family. Anything we wanted was ours. “Sylvester Outley lived in Overbrook Farms when he was in Philadelphia. Astra and her sister, Sylvia, attended Westtown Friends School. Besides his daughters, he is survived by a sister, Lucille Crayton; his companion, Cecile Pidgeon; and four grandsons